Fern Staghorn 6"
Staghorn ferns are an epiphyte, which is a plant that anchors itself onto another plant or object for the sole purpose of support. Epiphytes do not feed on their support plant; they merely grow in the organic matter which collects around stems, bark, or other suitable surfaces from falling leaves, flowers and fruits. Most staghorn fern varieties grow with long, deeply lobed fronds; however, there are a few varieties that grow erect, such as ‘Grande’ and ‘Angelense’ with spatulate fronds.
Staghorn ferns generally produce two types of leaves: sterile and fertile. The sterile leaves usually form a flat shield that covers the roots and enhances its attachment to a support. The fertile leaves emerge from the center of the shield like sterile leaves and form the staghorn antlers that are so distinctive of this fern. When mounting your staghorn, it is important to distinguish between the shield and the fertile leaves. When mature, the fertile leaves produce brown patches on their undersides. These contain almost microscopic spores that fall when ripe and produce new plants. The brown patches are natural and healthy, so do not attempt to spray or wipe them off.
- LIGHT: Best in medium to bright light. Full sun will fade the leaves.
- WATER: During the growing season (March to early September) keep the staghorn fern slightly moist at all times. Allow the top half of the soil to dry before watering again. Misting the plant-- including the shield-- will help. In the winter allow plant to dry to about 2/3 of the way down before watering again.
- TEMPERATURE: Most ferns like an average room temperature of 18°C to 24°C during the day, up to 5°C cooler at night.
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